Free indirect discourse

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[[Category:Terms and Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Terms and Concepts]]
 
Free indirect discourse is a way of representing a characters speech or thought by combining [[direct discourse]] with narratorial commentary.
 
Free indirect discourse is a way of representing a characters speech or thought by combining [[direct discourse]] with narratorial commentary.
 
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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
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== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
:{give examples of the term in action}
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"Gabriel could not listen while Mary Jane was playing her Academy piece, full of runs and difficult passages, to the hushed drawing room.  He liked music but the piece she was playing had no melody for him and he doubted whether it had any melody for the other listeners, though they had begged Mary Jane to play something."
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-James Joyce, "The Dead"
  
 
== Critical Debates ==
 
== Critical Debates ==
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== Related Terms ==
 
== Related Terms ==
:{list any terms that are related or usefully connected to this term or concept (e.g., list story under the definition of discourse)}
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[[discourse]], [[direct discourse]], [[indirect discourse]], [[stream of consciousness]]
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
:{cite useful references or web links for further reading}
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Prince, Gerald. Dictionary of Narratology
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Keen, Susan. Narrative Form.
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Herman, David and Manfred Jahn, Marie-Laure Ryan.
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Martin, Wallace. Recent Theories of Narrative.

Latest revision as of 21:34, 14 September 2008

Free indirect discourse is a way of representing a characters speech or thought by combining direct discourse with narratorial commentary.

Contents

[edit] Definition

Free indirect speech, free indirect discourse involves both a character's speech and the narrator's comments or presentation, or direct discourse and indirect discourse. Famously utilized by James Joyce, free indirect discourse is a more comprehensive method of representation--one which many times makes indistinguishable the thoughts of the narrator and the thoughts of a character. Thus, the method typically privileges the past tense, yet cannot be discerned through merely grammatical indicators.

[edit] Examples

"Gabriel could not listen while Mary Jane was playing her Academy piece, full of runs and difficult passages, to the hushed drawing room. He liked music but the piece she was playing had no melody for him and he doubted whether it had any melody for the other listeners, though they had begged Mary Jane to play something."

-James Joyce, "The Dead"

[edit] Critical Debates

{is the term contested, challenged, defined differently, etc.?}

[edit] Related Terms

discourse, direct discourse, indirect discourse, stream of consciousness

[edit] References

Prince, Gerald. Dictionary of Narratology

Keen, Susan. Narrative Form.

Herman, David and Manfred Jahn, Marie-Laure Ryan.

Martin, Wallace. Recent Theories of Narrative.

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