Focalizer

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[[Category:Terms and Concepts]]
 
[[Category:Terms and Concepts]]
{This is a template file for a new term or concept to be added to the Narrative wiki.  When creating a new term, please delete the text in single curly brackets, including this text, and replace it with the suggested definitions, examples, debates, and references.  This space should be used for a short definition.}
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The focalizer is the character from whose point of view the story is told.
 
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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
:{a fuller definition should go here}
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The focalizer is the primary consciousness of a story.  The events, situations, interpretations of other characters' dialogue, etc. are all filtered through this focalizer.  This character holds the main [[point of view]].  The focalizer sometimes changes throughout a narrative, resulting in multiple focalizers for one story. Thus, the focalizer is not always the narrator or the main character.
  
 
== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
:{give examples of the term in action}
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"She waited, Kate Croy, for her father to come in, but he kept her unconscionably, and there were moments at which she showed herself, in the glass over the mantel, a face positively pale with irritation that had brought her to the point of going away without sight of him...This whole vision was the worst thing yet--as including in particular the interview to which she had braced herself; and for what had she come but for the worst?"
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-Henry James, ''The Wings of the Dove''
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:Kate Croy here functions as the focalizer because she brings the reader into her consciousness in the passage, making them aware of her thoughts and emotions while simultaneously relating the plot action.
  
 
== Critical Debates ==
 
== Critical Debates ==
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== Related Terms ==
 
== Related Terms ==
:{list any terms that are related or usefully connected to this term or concept (e.g., list story under the definition of discourse)}
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[[focalized]], [[focalization]], [[point of view]]
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
:{cite useful references or web links for further reading}
 
:{cite useful references or web links for further reading}

Latest revision as of 13:29, 29 July 2008

The focalizer is the character from whose point of view the story is told.

Contents

[edit] Definition

The focalizer is the primary consciousness of a story. The events, situations, interpretations of other characters' dialogue, etc. are all filtered through this focalizer. This character holds the main point of view. The focalizer sometimes changes throughout a narrative, resulting in multiple focalizers for one story. Thus, the focalizer is not always the narrator or the main character.

[edit] Examples

"She waited, Kate Croy, for her father to come in, but he kept her unconscionably, and there were moments at which she showed herself, in the glass over the mantel, a face positively pale with irritation that had brought her to the point of going away without sight of him...This whole vision was the worst thing yet--as including in particular the interview to which she had braced herself; and for what had she come but for the worst?"

-Henry James, The Wings of the Dove

Kate Croy here functions as the focalizer because she brings the reader into her consciousness in the passage, making them aware of her thoughts and emotions while simultaneously relating the plot action.

[edit] Critical Debates

{is the term contested, challenged, defined differently, etc.?}

[edit] Related Terms

focalized, focalization, point of view

[edit] References

{cite useful references or web links for further reading}
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