Event

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<p id=hangingIndent>Meister, Jan Christoph. "'Narrativité', 'événement' et objectivation de la temporalité." In ''Théorie du récit: L'apport de la recherche allemande''. Villeuneve d'Ascq: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2007. 189-208.</p>
Meister, Jan Christoph. "'Narrativité', 'événement' et objectivation de la temporalité." In ''Théorie du récit: L'apport de la recherche allemande''. Villeuneve d'Ascq: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2007. 189-208.</p>
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<p id=hangingIndent>Owen, O. H. "Time and Event in Seneca's Troades." WSt (1970): 118-37.</p>
 
<p id=hangingIndent>Owen, O. H. "Time and Event in Seneca's Troades." WSt (1970): 118-37.</p>

Revision as of 11:38, 3 July 2010

An event in a narrative is a change or transformation from one state to another.

Contents

Definition

An event refers to a process rather than a state of being, though this is many times hard to discern in a text, as most sentences seem to refer to processes. However, for an event to occur, some alteration must take place--relying on contextual clues is crucial to determine this change.

Examples

"There was nothing so very remarkable in that; nor did Alice think it so very much out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to itself 'Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too late!'...it flashed across her mind that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and, burning with curiosity, she ran across the field after it, and was just in time to see it pop down a large rabbit hole under the hedge.

In another moment down went Alice after it, never once considering how in the world she was to get out again."

Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

This is an example of an event because it describes the action of Alice going down the rabbit hole while suggesting a metamorphosis in both her outlook and her physical position in the story.

Critical Debates

{is the term contested, challenged, defined differently, etc.?}

Related Terms

{list any terms that are related or usefully connected to this term or concept (e.g., list story under the definition of discourse)}

References

Bach, Emmon. "The Algebra of Events." Linguistics and Philosophy 9 (1986): 5-16. In Semantics: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Ed. Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach. Volume IV: The Semantics of Predicates and Inflection. London: Routledge, 2003.

Bal, Mieke. Introduction to the Theory of Narrative.

Bauman, Richard. Story, Performance, and Event. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.

Berman, R. A., and D. I. Slobin. Relating Events in Narrative: A Crosslinguistic Developmental Study. Hillsdale (NJ): Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994.

Borutti, S. "Verità dell'evento e ruolo del soggetto nella coscienza storica." In Soggetto e verità: La questione dell'uomo nella filosofia contemporanea. Ed. E. Fagiuoli and M. Fortunato. Milan: Mimesis, 1996. 235-256.

Boyd, Brian. "10. Understanding and Recalling Events." In Boyd, On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction. Cambridge (MA) and London: Harvard UP-Belknap Press, 2009. 132-58.

_____. "11. Narrative: Representing Events." In Boyd, On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction. Cambridge (MA) and London: Harvard UP-Belknap Press, 2009. 159-76.

_____. "12. Fiction: Inventing Events." In Boyd, On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction. Cambridge (MA) and London: Harvard UP-Belknap Press, 2009. 177-187.

Cohan, Steven and Linda M. Shires. Telling Stories.

Event Perception and Understanding. Neuroscience papers at Dynamic Cognition Laboratory, Washington U of St Louis http://dcl.wustl.ed/DCL/Event_Perception_and_Understanding.html

Fairclough, Norman. "8. Representations of Social Events." In Fairclough, Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2003. 134-56.

García Landa, José Ángel. "Acción." Part I of Acción, Relato, Discurso: Estructura de la ficción narrativa. Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca, 1998. 17-115.

_____. "Narratología del 23-F." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 23 Feb. 2006. http://garciala.blogia.com/2006/022303-narratologia-del-23-f.php <p id=hangingIndent>_____. "Momentous Events and Turning Points." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 20 October 2009. http://vanityfea.blogspot.com/2009/10/momentous-events-and-turning-points.html

Greimas, Algirdas Julien. "Des accidents dans les sciences dites humaines: analyse d'un texte de Georges Dumézil." Introduction à l'analyse du discourse en sciences sociales. By A. J. Greimas and E. Landowski. Paris: Hachette, 1979.

_____. "Des accidents dans les sciences dites humaines: analyse d'un texte de Georges Dumézil." In Greimas, Du Sens II. Paris: Seuil, 1983. 171-212.

Herman, David. "Quantitative Methods in Narratology: A Corpus-Based Study of Motion Events in Stories." In Narratology beyond Literary Criticism: Mediality-Disciplinarity. Ed. Jan Christoph Meister with Tom Kindt and Wilhelm Schernus. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2005. 125-49.

_____. "States, Events, and Actions." In Herman, Story Logic: Problems and Possibilities of Narrative. Lincoln and London: U of Nebraska P, 2002. 27-52.

Hühn, Peter. "Functions and Forms of Eventfulness in Narrative Fiction." In Theorizing Narrativity. Ed. John Pier and José Ángel García Landa. (Narratologia, 12). Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2008. 141-63. (Richardson, Pamela; Joyce, "Grace").

_____. "Event and Eventfulness." In Handbook of Narratology. Ed. Peter Hühn et al. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009. 80-97.

Janik, Christina. "Markierungen temporaler, kausaler und lokaler Relationen zwischen Sachverhalten." In Hodel, Lehmann, et al., Textkohärenz und Narration: Untersuchungen russischer Texte des Realismus und der Moderne. (Narratologia, 15). Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2008. 243-58.

Klaus, Peter. "Description and Event in Narrative." Orbis Litterarum 37 (1982): 211-16.

Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. "Events, Sense, and the Genesis of Language." In Lecercle, Deleuze and Language. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. 99-131.

LePore, Ernest, ed. Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.

Linhares-Dias, Rui. "6. Aktionsart." In Linhares-Dias, How to Show Things with Words: A Study on Logic, Language and Literature. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2006. 257-94.* (Aspect, entailment, events, processes).

_____. "7. The Effects of Aktionsart on Narrative Transmission." In Linhares-Dias, How to Show Things with Words: A Study on Logic, Language and Literature. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2006. 295-384. (Aspect, Events).

Lothe, Jakob. "Events, Characters, and Characterization." In Lothe, Narrative in Fiction and Film: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000. 72-101.

Marín Arrese, Juana I., ed. Conceptualization of Events in Newspaper Discourse: Mystification of Agency and Degree of Implication in News Reports. (UCM Papers and Studies in Linguistics). Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2002. http://www.ucm.es/info/fing1/psl/Research/research.html

Meister, Jan Christoph. "'Narrativité', 'événement' et objectivation de la temporalité." In Théorie du récit: L'apport de la recherche allemande. Villeuneve d'Ascq: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2007. 189-208.

Owen, O. H. "Time and Event in Seneca's Troades." WSt (1970): 118-37.

Parsons, Terence. "Underlying Events in the Logical Analysis of English." In Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Ed. Ernest LePore. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985. 235-67. In Semantics: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Ed. Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach. Volume IV: The Semantics of Predicates and Inflection. London: Routledge, 2003.

Pillemer, David B. Momentous Events, Vivid Memories. Cambridge (MA): Harvard UP, 1998.

Pustejovsky, James. "The Geometry of Events." In Studies in Generative Approaches to Aspect. (MIT Lexicon Project Working Papers 24). Cambridge (MA): MIT Center for Cognitive Science, 1988. 19-39. In Semantics: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Ed. Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach. Volume IV: The Semantics of Predicates and Inflection. London: Routledge, 2003.

Ricoeur, Paul. "La structure, le mot, l'événement." Man and World 1: 10-30.

_____. "Structure, Word, Event." Trans. Robert D. Sweeny. Philosophy Today 12 (1968): 62-75.

_____. "L'intentionnalité historique." In Ricœur, Temps et récit Tome I: L'intrigue et le récit historique. Paris: Seuil, 1983. Rpt. (Points) 2001. 311-96.

Schmid, Wolf. "Narrativity and Eventfulness." In What Is Narratology? Questions and Answers Regarding the Status of a Theory. Ed. Tom Kindt and Hans-Harald Müller. (Narratologia, 1). Berlin and New York: De Gruyter, 2003. 16-33.

_____. "V. Die narrativen Transformationen: Geschehen – Geschichte – Erzählung – Präsentation der Erzählung." In Schmid, Elemente der Narratologie. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2005. 223-72.* (1. 'Fabel' und 'Sujet' im russischen Formalismus. 2. Die Überwindung des formalistischen Reduktionismus. 3. Die vier narrativen Ebenen).

_____. "La constitution narrative: les événements—l'histoire—le récit—la présentation du récit." In Théorie du récit: L'apport de la recherche allemande. Villeuneve d'Ascq: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2007. 153-88.

Voorst, Jan van. Event Structure. (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 59). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1988.

White, Peter. "Death, Disruption and the Moral Order: The Narrative Impulse in Mass-Media 'Hard News' Reporting." In Genres and Institutions: Social Processes in the Workplace and School. Ed. F. Christie and J. R. Martin. London: Cassell, 1997. 101-33.

_____. "Death, Disruption and the Moral Order: The Narrative Impulse in Mass-Media 'Hard News' Reporting." In Critical Discourse Analysis: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Ed. Michael Toolan. London: Routledge, 2002. 3.390-424.


Bibliography

García Landa, José Ángel. "Events." In A Bibliography of Literary Theory, Criticism, and Philology. http://www.unizar.es/departamentos/filologia_inglesa/garciala/bibliography.html (Subjects: Genres: Narrative: Narrative theory).

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