Implied author

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An implied author does not appear in the text, but creates an impression of the entire text through ideology or world-view.

Contents

Definition

The implied author is distinguishable from the narrator in that the implied author does not recount events or dialogue, but instead is present through ideology. As Luc Herman and Bart Vervaeck write, this ideology can be discerned through "the basis of word choice, humor, and the manner in which characters are introduced" (17). The implied author works "behind the scenes" shaping the values that the narrative projects onto his audience.

Examples

"1492. As children we were taught to memorize this year with pride and joy as the year people began living full and imaginative lives on the continent of North America. Actually, people had been living full and imaginative lives on the continent of North America for hundreds of years before that. 1492 was simply the year sea pirates began to rob, cheat, and kill them."

Kurt Vonnegut, Breakfast of Champions

Critical Debates

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Related Terms

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References

Herman, Luc and Bart Vervaeck. Handbook of Narrative Analysis. University of Nebraska Press: Lincoln, 2001.

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